The agreement gradually opens up markets on both sides and increases the stability and predictability of the business and investment environment. 2.The agreement that preceded the trade agreement between the United Kingdom and the Andean countries is the trade agreement between the EU and the Andean countries (2), which has been provisionally implemented since 2013 by Peru and Colombia and which Ecuador has joined the agreement in 2017. Bolivia is a member of the Andean Community, but has not applied for membership. The trade agreement between the UK and the Andean countries aims to ensure the continuity of the effect with the EU agreement by integrating it, mutatis mutandis3, with few changes. As a result, the UK agreement was published in an abbreviated form. (a) Crown Dependencies (Isle of Man, Jersey, Guernsey): Overall, trade in goods and tariffs will apply agricultural safeguards that have also been transposed into the trade agreement between Great Britain and the Andes. These allow Andean countries to impose higher import duties on certain products when the volume of imports exceeds an agreed threshold (the volume of triggers imports). The size of existing trigger values has been changed, with the UK no longer a member of the EU. Statistics on Andean countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru The agreement between the United Kingdom and the Andes also contains a joint declaration on the treatment by Andean countries of 14 new GIs to come. It reiterates more comprehensive elements of the agreement between the EU and the Andes, such as provisions on political dialogue and other forms of cooperation, including human rights. 11.The Trade Committee may also make changes to the agreement, and the following explanatory notes provide an example of the acceleration of tariff reductions.
To take effect, such changes would be made subject to the legal procedures in force. Officials from the Department of International Trade (DIT) confirmed that, in such cases, the CRAG Act would not be invoked. Only if the implementation of national legislation were necessary would the corresponding amendments be subject to parliamentary scrutiny. This could leave a vacuum of control in circumstances where the amendments would not require changes to national legislation. As noted in our report “Scrutiny of international agreements: lessonslearned”), the government should report regularly to Parliament on changes to international agreements, including issues such as the decisions of joint committees acting under these agreements. The European Union`s free trade agreement contributes to EU growth: in 2018, the EU was the world`s second largest exporter (15.5%) before the United States (10.6%) China (15.8%).  13.Finally, the EM recalls that the government is in contact with and consulted with the devolved administrations of Gibraltar and the crown dependencies. While the EM states that DIT can confirm that draft agreements are “once stable, shared with the DAs”, it does not specify whether the text of this specific agreement was shared with them prior to their signing. After an exchange with officials, we confirmed that the agreement had been shared at the time of the initials. We call on the government to ensure that in the future, if specific agreements with DDAs are shared, this is explicitly stated in the consultation section of each EM.