As part of the agreement, Ukraine`s signatories offered “security guarantees” in exchange for compliance with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. The memorandum gathered a series of assurances that Ukraine had already given to the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE), the UN Charter and the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, but the Ukrainian government found it useful to have these assurances in a document specific to Ukraine.  Each country protects, in defined order, the rights of its citizens living in another country, in accordance with the obligations relating to the documents of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and the other generally accepted principles and norms of international law, to agreements reached within the Commonwealth of Independent States. In response to the crisis, the Ukrainian Parliament called on the signatories of the memorandum to reaffirm their commitment to the principles set out in the political agreement and urged them to consult with Ukraine in order to ease tensions.  In December 1994, Clinton, Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma (The Kravchuk Succession), Yeltsin and British Prime Minister John Major signed the Budapest Memorandum that called on the United States, Russia and Britain to “respect Ukraine`s independence and sovereignty and existing borders” and “refrain from threatening or using force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine.” The agreement stated that “none of their [American, Russian and British] weapons will ever be used against Ukraine, except in self-defence or in any other way, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. In February 2014, Russian troops seized or blocked various airports and other strategic sites in Crimea.  The troops were connected to the Russian Black Sea fleet stationed in Crimea, which forced Russia to violate the Budapest Memorandum. The Russian Foreign Ministry had confirmed the movement of armoured units attached to the Black Sea fleet in Crimea, but said they were acting within the framework of the various agreements between the two countries. Other Russian official sources denied that the units at Sevastopol International Airport were attached to the Black Sea fleet.
 Russia reacted and supported a referendum on Crimea`s accession to Crimea. Russia announced that the referendums would be held by “local forces.” On 16 March, Russia annexed Crimea and Ukraine strongly protested against the action in violation of Article 1 of the Budapest Memorandum. On March 24, 2014, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper led the G7 partners to an ad hoc meeting at the Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague for a partial suspension of Russia`s membership due to a violation of the Budapest Memorandum by Russia. He said Ukraine had abandoned its nuclear weapons “on the basis of an explicit Russian guarantee of its territorial integrity.” By no longer committing this guarantee, President Putin has provided those who need little more than those already created by pride or resentment to arm themselves to the teeth. Mr. Harper also expressed support for Ukraine by saying he would work with the new Ukrainian government on a free trade agreement.  Harper died in the General Election on October 15, 2015 and resigned as leader of the Conservative Party. The Treaty of Friendship, cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and the Russian Federation is an agreement between Ukraine and Russia, which expired in April 2019, was signed in 1997 and defines the principle of strategic partnership, recognition of the inviolability of existing borders, and respect for territorial integrity and mutual commitment not to use their territory to harm the security of the other.